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Riftia tubeworm ( Riftia pachyptila ) colonies grow where hot, mineral-laden water flows out of the seafloor in undersea hot springs—such as the Guymas Basin of the Gulf of California at 2,000 meters (6562...
Kilauea Volcano, Kalapana, Hawaii, USA “In the upper left of this image I can...
Travel to a world of perpetual night--the deep ocean hydrothermal vents near...
Flower-like zoanthids, relatives of coral, carpet a hydrothermal vent. This...

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A volcanic eruption of superheated magma (some 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit) from the West Mata Volcano produces a bright flash of hot magma that is blown up into the water before settling back to the seafloor. The explosion throws...
Superheated magma, about 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit, glows orange as it slowly...
Riftia tubeworm ( Riftia pachyptila ) colonies grow where hot, mineral-laden...

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Did you know that 80 percent of the volcanic eruptions on Earth take place underwater? These underwater eruptions occur...
Nestled among the beautiful coral reefs of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a place that could provide the key to our understanding of one of the biggest threats to coral reef survival: Ocean Acidification...
Orange shaded areas are major drainage basins of Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras that contribute sediment to the Caribbean. Wind and current patterns are represented by red and black arrows,...
Travel to a world of perpetual night--the deep ocean hydrothermal vents near the Galapagos Rift where life thrives around superheated water spewing from deep inside the Earth. Discovered only in 1977...
Since 1902, more than 40 centimeters of mangrove peat could have accumulated at the Belize site, enough to entrap and bury small pieces of pumice. But Juan’s vexing questions persisted: Why hadn’t...
As a geological oceanographer at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Dr. Maggie Toscano has made a career of documenting how coastal systems have changed over thousands of years in...
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