Amanda Bushell

Amanda Bushell’s ocean education began at age five at Compo Beach on the Long Island Sound where tide pools were her classroom. In later years she received a more formal education at Yale University where she got her Bachelors of Science in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She also spent four years studying the invertebrate zoology collections at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History and focused on the relationship between sea turtles and the barnacles that call them home. While at the Smithsonian's Natural History Museum she worked with Nancy Knowlton as a program coordinator in the office of the Sant Chair for Marine Science.

 

Adult Swimming Crab

When they get larger, Portunus sayi are formidable predators, quick to consume any smaller animal that comes within reach. Fish, other crustaceans, and even smaller members of their own species are not safe from this hungry...

Frogfish Histrio histrio

The Sargassum frogfish Histrio histrio (Antennariidae) is a small but voracious predator - it can ingest animals up to it’s own size! The fins of the frogfish are perfect for creeping around in the algae and stalking...

Carbon Dioxide Volcanic Seep

In Ili Ili Bua Bua, Normanby Island, Papua New Guinea, CO 2 bubbles out of intense volcanic vents in the reef. The excess carbon dioxide dissolves into the surrounding seawater, making water more acidic — as we would expect...

MV Chertain Lab Boat

For three weeks, the research ship MV Chertan is home-base for the scientific team and will be transformed in a floating laboratory to study volcanic CO 2 seeps. Read more about how reef scientist Laetitia Plaisance uses...

Dissolving Shell

The acidic waters from CO 2 seeps can dissolve shells and also make it harder for shells to grow in the first place. Read more about how reef scientist Laetitia Plaisance uses carbon dioxide seeps to study ocean...

Dissolving Coral Skeleton in Acidic Waters

Near the intense volcanic CO 2 vents bubbling from the cracks in the seafloor, the water is so acidic that it dissolves coral skeletons. Read more about how reef scientist Laetitia Plaisance uses carbon dioxide seeps to...

A Healthy Coral Reef

Far away from the volcanic CO 2 seeps, a healthy coral reef flourishes with a diversity of coral species. Closer to the seeps where the water is acidic, the corals barely even grow. Read more about how reef scientist...

Monoculture of Boulder Corals

Close to the volcanic CO 2 seeps, the vast diversity of corals that exists in less-acidic waters is replaced by a "monoculture" of boulder corals. These are less fragile and better suited to life in acidic water. Read more...

Fragile Branching Corals in Acidic Water

Branching corals, because of their more fragile structure, struggle to survive in acidified waters that surround the volcanic CO 2 seeps of Papua New Guinea. Read more about how reef scientist Laetitia Plaisance uses carbon...

Lonely Seagrass in Acidic Waters

Closest to the seeps, where the pH is lowest and the water is most acidic, corals no longer grow. Instead there are sand, rubble and seagrasses that are able to survive. Read more about how reef scientist Laetitia Plaisance...

Will Coral Reefs Survive Acidification?

Nestled among the beautiful coral reefs of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a place that could provide the key to our understanding of one of the biggest threats to coral reef survival: Ocean Acidification . Here cool carbon...

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