Recent Antarctic expeditions, underwater volcano monitoring, studies of little-known transparent creatures, and other recent scientific research is being conducted by Ocean Portal Collaborators.
Alison Kock tags a shark
Save Our Seas scientist Alison Kock tags a Great White Shark.
© Andy Casagrande IV/Save Our Seas
Marine biologist Gerald Kooyman of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography has documented climate-induced changes to emperor penguin habitats and impacts on how the penguins feed, breed, and raise their young.
© Scripps Institution of Oceanography/UC San Diego
Diving in Guam
Dr. Valerie Paul, director of the Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, Fla., examines tropical seaweeds on northwestern Guam’s coral reefs.
University of Guam Marine Laboratory
Studying the Mid-Ocean Ridge
NOAA’s New Millennium Observatory was set up to study geologic, chemical, and biologic interactions along the mid-ocean ridge system. Here, a remotely operated vehicle (ROPOS) recovers a volcano monitor in the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the Pacific, west of Oregon.
CO2 Marsh Study
How do plants respond to rising CO2 levels? To find out, plant physiologist Bert Drake monitors plants used in his CO2 study at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) near the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland.
Kimbra Cutlip/Smithsonian Institution
Saving Venice, Italy
To protect Venice from rising seas, Dimitri Deheyn (Scripps Institution/UC San Diego Sediment Research Group) studied the environmental impact of dredging sediment from the waterways.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography/UC San Diego
Salps are tube-shaped, soft, transparent animals that swim through the ocean, straining out plant food as they go.
Lawrence Madin, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Seafloor Earthquakes Study
Geophysicist Jian Lin of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution studied the earthquake site that triggered 2004’s Indian Ocean tsunami. New tools to map seafloor earthquakes—like this robotic Autonomous Benthic Explorer—enhance our understanding of catastrophic events, such as the tsunami.
Dana Yoerger/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Geologist Charles Paull (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute) investigates geologic features similar to pingos on the Arctic Ocean floor where methane bubbles through sediments and forms hundreds of low hills. On land, a pingo is a place where permafrost bulges beneath a dried lake bed like this one in northern Canada.
Charles Paull c. 2003 MBARI
In Egypt, Dr. Jean-Daniel Stanley of the Smithsonian studies submerged ancient settlements.
Dazzling New Sea Urchin Species
Simon Coppard, a post-doctoral research fellow at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama and an Encyclopedia of Life Rubenstein Fellow specializing in echinoids often uncovers new species during his research. In 2006, he and a fellow scientist discovered and described Coelopleurus exquisitus, a previously unknown sea urchin species from New Caledonia in the South Pacific.
Encyclopedia of Life
Protecting Arctic habitat
Human activity is increasing in the Arctic marine environment due to climate change. To help the most vulnerable areas, the Global Marine Program of IUCN, along with partners, is convening a series of workshops aimed at enhancing ecosystem-based management and identifying biologically or ecologically important or vulnerable habitats. Burgerbukta, a bay in Svalbard, Norway, is being managed for ecosystem protection.
Oil Samples in the Gulf
Oceana’s Pacific Science Director Jeff Short, an environmental chemist who formerly worked for NOAA on the Exxon Valdez spill, collects samples of mousse oil in the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon spill. The sample will be analyzed by Dr. Ed Overton at LSU to establish the chemical profile of the oil. The resulting “fingerprint” will help determine the origin of other samples.
J. Short, Oceana, and S. Senner, Ocean Conservancy
Melissa Frey, Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) Rubenstein Fellow, examines a Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) on a chilly day in Sidney, British Columbia. In addition to holding an EOL Fellowship, Melissa is a Research Associate at the Royal BC Museum, where she continues to engage in taxonomic studies.
Encyclopedia of Life