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A brightly colored parrotfish swims over a field of seagrass.

Parrots of the Sea

Parrotfish like this ‘rainbow parrotfish” (Scarus guacamaia) play a critical ecological role in coral reef ecosystems. Herbivores, parrotfish feed on macroalgae that can otherwise smother corals directly or reduce coral growth and fish survival.

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Are You An Educator?

At Smithsonian Ocean, we have lesson plans, activities, and resources to help you engage your students in the wonders of our oceans.